spf13-vim : Steve Francia's Vim Distribution

spf13-vim is a distribution of vim plugins and resources for Vim, Gvim and MacVim.

It is a good starting point for anyone intending to use VIM for development running equally well on Windows, Linux, *nix and Mac.

The distribution is completely customisable using a ~/.vimrc.local and ~/.vimrc.bundles.local Vim RC files.

spf13-vim image

Unlike traditional VIM plugin structure, which similar to UNIX throws all files into common directories, making updating or disabling plugins a real mess, spf13-vim 3 uses the Vundle plugin management system to have a well organized vim directory (Similar to mac’s app folders). Vundle also ensures that the latest versions of your plugins are installed and makes it easy to keep them up to date.

Great care has been taken to ensure that each plugin plays nicely with others, and optional configuration has been provided for what we believe is the most efficient use.

Lastly (and perhaps, most importantly) It is completely cross platform. It works well on Windows, Linux and OSX without any modifications or additional configurations. If you are using MacVim or Gvim additional features are enabled. So regardless of your environment just clone and run.

spf13-vim 3.0

January 2012 spf13-vim released it’s third major iteration. This is important as it requires a reinstall, but trust me it’s worth it.

The biggest change is the switch from using git submodules to using the excellent Vundle system. While git submodules seemed like a good idea at the time, it wasn’t. It was always problematic. Additionally because a submodule points to a refspec and not a branch, it was a constant maintenance nightmare to keep everything up to date.

Vundle has an excellent system built on the same principles as Pathogen, but with an integrated plugin management system that is Git and Github aware.

We have also changed out most of the plugins in favor of newer more stable alternatives. Additionally we have significantly reduced the number of plugins requiring python or ruby.

The goal has always been to add functionality without changing all the features, functionality and keystrokes we all love. Using spf13-vim we’ve kept all the default behaviors (by and large), so if you ever find yourself on a vanilla environment you’ll feel right at home.

Installation

Linux, *nix, Mac OSX Installation

The easiest way to install spf13-vim is to use our automatic installer by simply copying and pasting the following line into a terminal. This will install spf13-vim and backup your existing vim configuration. If you are upgrading from a prior version (before 3.0) this is also the recommended installation.

    
    curl http://j.mp/spf13-vim3 -L > spf13-vim.sh && sh spf13-vim.sh

If you have a bash-compatible shell you can run the script directly:


    sh <(curl http://j.mp/spf13-vim3 -L)

Installing on Windows

On Windows and *nix Git and Curl are required. Also, if you haven’t already, you’ll need to install Vim.

Installing dependencies

Install msysgit

After installation try running git --version within command prompt (press Win-R, type cmd, press Enter) to make sure all good:

C:\> git --version
git version 1.7.4.msysgit.0

Setup Curl

Instructions blatently copied from vundle readme Installing Curl on Windows is easy as Curl is bundled with msysgit! But before it can be used with Vundle it’s required make curl run in command prompt. The easiest way is to create curl.cmd with this content

@rem Do not use "echo off" to not affect any child calls.
@setlocal

@rem Get the abolute path to the parent directory, which is assumed to be the
@rem Git installation root.
@for /F "delims=" %%I in ("%~dp0..") do @set git_install_root=%%~fI
@set PATH=%git_install_root%\bin;%git_install_root%\mingw\bin;%PATH%

@if not exist "%HOME%" @set HOME=%HOMEDRIVE%%HOMEPATH%
@if not exist "%HOME%" @set HOME=%USERPROFILE%

@curl.exe %*

And copy it to C:\Program Files\Git\cmd\curl.cmd, assuming msysgit was installed to c:\Program Files\Git

to verify all good, run:

C:\> curl --version
curl 7.21.1 (i686-pc-mingw32) libcurl/7.21.1 OpenSSL/0.9.8k zlib/1.2.3
Protocols: dict file ftp ftps http https imap imaps ldap ldaps pop3 pop3s rtsp smtp smtps telnet tftp
Features: Largefile NTLM SSL SSPI libz

Installing spf13-vim on Windows

The easiest way is to download and run the spf13-vim-windows-install.cmd file. Remember to run this file in Administrator Mode if you want the symlinks to be created successfully.

Updating to the latest version

The simpliest (and safest) way to update is to simply rerun the installer. It will completely and non destructively upgrade to the latest version.


    curl http://j.mp/spf13-vim3 -L -o - | sh

Alternatively you can manually perform the following steps. If anything has changed with the structure of the configuration you will need to create the appropriate symlinks.

    cd $HOME/to/spf13-vim/
    git pull
    vim +BundleInstall! +BundleClean +q

Fork me on GitHub

I’m always happy to take pull requests from others. A good number of people are already contributors to spf13-vim. Go ahead and fork me.

A highly optimized .vimrc config file

spf13-vimrc image

The .vimrc file is suited to programming. It is extremely well organized and folds in sections. Each section is labeled and each option is commented.

It fixes many of the inconveniences of vanilla vim including

  • A single config can be used across Windows, Mac and linux
  • Eliminates swap and backup files from littering directories, preferring to store in a central location.
  • Fixes common typos like :W, :Q, etc
  • Setup a solid set of settings for Formatting (change to meet your needs)
  • Setup the interface to take advantage of vim’s features including
    • omnicomplete
    • line numbers
    • syntax highlighting
    • A better ruler & status line
    • & more
  • Configuring included plugins

Customization

Create ~/.vimrc.local and ~/.gvimrc.local for any local customizations.

For example, to override the default color schemes:

    echo colorscheme ir_black  >> ~/.vimrc.local

Fork Customization

There is an additional tier of customization available to those who want to maintain a fork of spf13-vim specialized for a particular group. These users can create .vimrc.fork and .vimrc.bundles.fork files in the root of their fork. The load order for the configuration is:

  1. .vimrc.bundles.local - local user bundle configuration
  2. .vimrc.bundles.fork - fork bundle configuration
  3. .vimrc.bundles - spf13-vim bundle configuration
  4. .vimrc - spf13-vim vim configuration
  5. .vimrc.fork - fork vim configuration
  6. .vimrc.local - local user configuration

See .vimrc.bundles for specifics on what options can be set to override bundle configuration. See .vimrc for specifics on what options can be overridden. Most vim configuration options should be set in your .vimrc.fork file, bundle configuration needs to be set in your .vimrc.bundles.fork file.

You may also want to update your README.markdown file so that the bootstrap.sh link points to your repository and your bootstrap.sh file to pull down your fork.

For an example of a fork of spf13-vim that provides customization in this manner see taxilian’s fork.

Plugins

spf13-vim contains a curated set of popular vim plugins, colors, snippets and syntaxes. Great care has been made to ensure that these plugins play well together and have optimal configuration.

Adding new plugins

Create ~/.vimrc.bundles.local for any additional bundles.

To add a new bundle

    echo Bundle \'spf13/vim-colors\' >> ~/.vimrc.bundles.local

Removing (disabling) an included plugin

Create ~/.vimrc.local if it doesn’t already exist.

Add the UnBundle command to this line. It takes the same input as the Bundle line, so simply copy the line you want to disable and add ‘Un’ to the beginning.

For example, disabling the ‘AutoClose’ and ‘scrooloose/syntastic’ plugins

    echo UnBundle \'AutoClose\' >> ~/.vimrc.local
    echo UnBundle \'scrooloose/syntastic\' >> ~/.vimrc.local

Remember to run ‘:BundleClean!’ after this to remove the existing directories

Here are a few of the plugins:

Undotree

If you undo changes and then make a new change, in most editors the changes you undid are gone forever, as their undo-history is a simple list. Since version 7.0 vim uses an undo-tree instead. If you make a new change after undoing changes, a new branch is created in that tree. Combined with persistent undo, this is nearly as flexible and safe as git ;-)

Undotree makes that feature more accessible by creating a visual representation of said undo-tree.

QuickStart Launch using <Leader>u.

NERDTree

NERDTree is a file explorer plugin that provides “project drawer” functionality to your vim editing. You can learn more about it with :help NERDTree.

QuickStart Launch using <Leader>e.

Customizations:

  • Use <C-E> to toggle NERDTree
  • Use <leader>e or <leader>nt to load NERDTreeFind which opens NERDTree where the current file is located.
  • Hide clutter (’.pyc’, ‘.git’, ‘.hg’, ‘.svn’, ‘.bzr’)
  • Treat NERDTree more like a panel than a split.

ctrlp

Ctrlp replaces the Command-T plugin with a 100% viml plugin. It provides an intuitive and fast mechanism to load files from the file system (with regex and fuzzy find), from open buffers, and from recently used files.

QuickStart Launch using <c-p>.

Surround

This plugin is a tool for dealing with pairs of “surroundings.” Examples of surroundings include parentheses, quotes, and HTML tags. They are closely related to what Vim refers to as text-objects. Provided are mappings to allow for removing, changing, and adding surroundings.

Details follow on the exact semantics, but first, consider the following examples. An asterisk (*) is used to denote the cursor position.

  Old text                  Command     New text ~
  "Hello *world!"           ds"         Hello world!
  [123+4*56]/2              cs])        (123+456)/2
  "Look ma, I'm *HTML!"     cs"<q>      <q>Look ma, I'm HTML!</q>
  if *x>3 {                 ysW(        if ( x>3 ) {
  my $str = *whee!;         vlllls'     my $str = 'whee!';

For instance, if the cursor was inside "foo bar", you could type cs"' to convert the text to 'foo bar'.

There’s a lot more, check it out at :help surround

NERDCommenter

NERDCommenter allows you to wrangle your code comments, regardless of filetype. View help :NERDCommenter or checkout my post on NERDCommenter.

QuickStart Toggle comments using <Leader>c<space> in Visual or Normal mode.

neocomplcache

NeoComplCache is an amazing autocomplete plugin with additional support for snippets. It can complete simulatiously from the dictionary, buffer, omnicomplete and snippets. This is the one true plugin that brings Vim autocomplete on par with the best editors.

QuickStart Just start typing, it will autocomplete where possible

Customizations:

  • Automatically present the autocomplete menu
  • Support tab and enter for autocomplete
  • <C-k> for completing snippets.

neocomplcache image

Syntastic

Syntastic is a syntax checking plugin that runs buffers through external syntax checkers as they are saved and opened. If syntax errors are detected, the user is notified and is happy because they didn’t have to compile their code or execute their script to find them.

[AutoClose]

AutoClose does what you expect. It’s simple, if you open a bracket, paren, brace, quote, etc, it automatically closes it. It handles curlys correctly and doesn’t get in the way of double curlies for things like jinja and twig.

Fugitive

Fugitive adds pervasive git support to git directories in vim. For more information, use :help fugitive

Use :Gstatus to view git status and type - on any file to stage or unstage it. Type p on a file to enter git add -p and stage specific hunks in the file.

Use :Gdiff on an open file to see what changes have been made to that file

QuickStart <leader>gs to bring up git status

Customizations:

  • <leader>gs :Gstatus
  • <leader>gd :Gdiff
  • <leader>gc :Gcommit
  • <leader>gb :Gblame
  • <leader>gl :Glog
  • <leader>gp :Git push
  • :Git ___ will pass anything along to git.

fugitive image

PIV

The most feature complete and up to date PHP Integration for Vim with proper support for PHP 5.3+ including latest syntax, functions, better fold support, etc.

PIV provides:

  • PHP 5.3 support
  • Auto generation of PHP Doc (,pd on (function, variable, class) definition line)
  • Autocomplete of classes, functions, variables, constants and language keywords
  • Better indenting
  • Full PHP documentation manual (hit K on any function for full docs)

php vim itegration image

Ack.vim

Ack.vim uses ack to search inside the current directory for a pattern. You can learn more about it with :help Ack

QuickStart :Ack

Tabularize

Tabularize lets you align statements on their equal signs and other characters

Customizations:

  • <Leader>a= :Tabularize /=<CR>
  • <Leader>a: :Tabularize /:<CR>
  • <Leader>a:: :Tabularize /:\zs<CR>
  • <Leader>a, :Tabularize /,<CR>
  • <Leader>a<Bar> :Tabularize /<Bar><CR>

Tagbar

spf13-vim includes the Tagbar plugin. This plugin requires exuberant-ctags and will automatically generate tags for your open files. It also provides a panel to navigate easily via tags

QuickStart CTRL-] while the cursor is on a keyword (such as a function name) to jump to it’s definition.

Customizations: spf13-vim binds <Leader>tt to toggle the tagbar panel

tagbar image

Note: For full language support, run brew install ctags to install exuberant-ctags.

Tip: Check out :help ctags for information about VIM’s built-in ctag support. Tag navigation creates a stack which can traversed via Ctrl-] (to find the source of a token) and Ctrl-T (to jump back up one level).

EasyMotion

EasyMotion provides an interactive way to use motions in Vim.

It quickly maps each possible jump destination to a key allowing very fast and straightforward movement.

QuickStart EasyMotion is triggered using the normal movements, but prefixing them with <leader><leader>

For example this screen shot demonstrates pressing ,,w

easymotion image

Additional Syntaxes

spf13-vim ships with a few additional syntaxes:

  • Markdown (bound to *.markdown, *.md, and *.mk)
  • Twig
  • Git commits (set your EDITOR to mvim -f)

Amazing Colors

spf13-vim includes solarized and spf13 vim color pack:

  • ir_black
  • molokai
  • peaksea

Use :color molokai to switch to a color scheme.

Terminal Vim users will benefit from solarizing their terminal emulators and setting solarized support to 16 colors:

let g:solarized_termcolors=16
color solarized

Terminal emulator colorschemes:

Snippets

It also contains a very complete set of snippets for use with snipmate or NeoComplCache.

Intro to VIM

Here’s some tips if you’ve never used VIM before:

Tutorials

Modes

  • VIM has two (common) modes:
    • insert mode- stuff you type is added to the buffer
    • normal mode- keys you hit are interpreted as commands
  • To enter insert mode, hit i
  • To exit insert mode, hit <ESC>

Useful commands

  • Use :q to exit vim
  • Certain commands are prefixed with a <Leader> key, which by default maps to \. Spf13-vim uses let mapleader = "," to change this to , which is in a consistent and convenient location.
  • Keyboard cheat sheet.

                __ _ _____              _
     ___ _ __  / _/ |___ /      __   __(_)_ __ ___
    / __| '_ \| |_| | |_ \ _____\ \ / /| | '_ ` _ \
    \__ \ |_) |  _| |___) |_____|\ V / | | | | | | |
    |___/ .__/|_| |_|____/        \_/  |_|_| |_| |_|
        |_|